Username/Email
Password
login
Remember Me
Trouble logging in?
header
Solutions to your goals...
sign in
my journal
members admin +
my account
target accounts
tech view
social view
community +
friends
following
day plan
share
create
store
manage
track
Title: Cranes
Username:
Required field cannot be left blank.
User name already exists, please choose another one.
First Name:
Required field cannot be left blank.
Last Name:
Required field cannot be left blank.
Password:
Required field cannot be left blank.
Not less than 6 characters
Re-type Password:
The two passwords are not consistent.
Email:
Required field cannot be left blank.
Email format is invalid.
Another user has already registered with that email address.
Re-type Email:
The two emails are not consistent.
create free account
add to my library
add to my day plan
share
Goal: this task will increase the success of the goal to apply Cal/OSHA safety suggestions.
John Mitchell published this Cognitive Task at isodoit.com under Industry | Construction
Doers: 1 | Form: Cognitive Task | Phase: Engagement | Type: Pre-Event | Level: 1 | Code:
Start: Aug 25, 2019 | When: | Duration: 10 Minute(s)
Steps:
  • The next Steps cover Cal/OSHA safety regulations for Cranes. This isoBlog MUST be used in conjunction with Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations. Where appropriate, we have referenced the codes for ease of use.

    The topics we will cover are:

    -Potential Hazards
    -Safe and Healthful Working Conditions
    -General Requirements
    -Assembly and Disassembly Operations
    -Power Line Safety
    -Inspections and Repairs
    -Selection and Installation of Wire Ropes
    -Loading of Slings and Shackles
    -Operation Requirements of Cranes and Derricks
    -Use of Signals During Operation
    -Operator Qualification, Training, Certification & Licensing
    -Supplemental Requirements
    -Side-boom Cranes Mounted on Wheel or Crawler Tractors
    -Crane Used to Get Divers In/Out of Water
    -Sudden Acceleration or Deceleration
    -Inadvertent Contact with Obstructions

    After each of the next Steps, select the 'successful' response to indicate that you have read and understand the Step.

    Select 'successful' now and proceed.
    response:
  • Potential Hazards

    Hazards associated with crane operations and electrocution from overhead power lines and equipment failures because of operator error; faulty or damaged equipment; overloading; support failure such as ground or outrigger collapse; and miscommunication.

    All of the regulations for cranes used in construction are covered in T8 CCR Sections 1610–1619, 1694, 2940, and 6060. 1610– 1619 covers Cranes and Derricks in Construction, 1694 covers Side Boom Cranes, 2940 covers Mechanical Equipment, and 6060 covers Procedures During Dive. For requirements/details on cranes and derricks in construction refer to the above sections.
    response:
  • Safe and Healthful Working Conditions

    Employers and employees, in order to maintain safe and healthful working conditions, must ensure that:

    -All requirements including prohibitions are met

    -Manufacturer’s instructions are followed

    -All crane operators have a valid certificate of competency for the specific type of crane that they are operating

    -Necessary tools, protective equipment, and trainings are provided

    -Employees comply with all requirements of crane operation and perform tasks safely at all times
    response:
  • General Requirements

    General requirements for cranes and derricks are given in sections 1610.1–1610.9. Requirements include:

    -Scope applies to power operated equipment when used in construction that can hoist, lower and horizontally move a suspended load

    -Design requirements are given in 1610.2 and 4884

    -Definitions as per 1610.3

    -Design, construction and testing of cranes and derricks with over 2,000 lbs. of hoisting/lifting capacity must meet requirements in 1610.4

    -Ground conditions including slope, compaction, and firmness, and all supporting materials such as blocking, mats, cribbing, marsh buggies etc. must meet the requirements in 1610.5

    -Equipment modifications or additions which affect the capacity or safe operation of the equipment are prohibited except where the requirements of subsections as shown in 1610.6 are met

    -Fall protection is critical in crane operations and must be provided by employers. The fall protection system varies depending on the type of crane being used and the work activity. Requirements for fall protection are given in 1610.7

    -For cranes with a rated hoisting/lifting capacity of 2,000 lbs. or less, the employer must ensure that all of the requirements in 1610.8 are met

    -For cranes with a rated hoisting/lifting capacity over 3,000 lbs., the employer must ensure that the cranes, derricks, and accessory gears are not used until there is a verification of current certification as per 1610.9

    -A copy of the current certification must be available with each crane and derrick or at the project site

    -Proof load tests and examinations of cranes and their accessory gear must be conducted as per 5022, 1610.4(f)

    -Do not operate cranes with wheels or tracks off the ground or working surface at any time unless properly bearing on outriggers or stabilizers
    response:
  • Assembly and Disassembly Operations

    Sections 1611.1 through 1611.5 address all of the safety requirements related to assembly and disassembly operations.

    -When assembling or disassembling equipment (or attachments), the employer must comply with all applicable manufacturer prohibitions and requirements in 1611.1

    -The general requirements for assembly and disassembly operations including supervision, review of procedures, crew instructions, etc. are given in 1611.2

    -Employers/operators must also follow the requirements for dismantling of booms and jibs as specified in 1611.3

    -Employer procedures for assembly/disassembly shall be developed by a qualified person

    -The employer shall follow the power line safety (up to 350 kV) requirements of 1611.5. Employers and employees always need to presume that power lines are energized
    response:
  • Power Line Safety

    Power line safety is regulated under T8CCR subsections 1612.1 through 1612.4. The requirements vary depending on the voltage of the power line. The following requirements apply:

    -For equipment operations with potential involvement of power lines up to 350 kV, employer shall follow the power line safety requirements of T8 CCR 1612.1

    -For power lines over 350 kV, the employer shall follow all of the requirements of 1611.5 and 1612.1. See exceptions

    -For all energized power lines (all voltages), whenever equipment operations including load lines or loads are closer than the minimum approach distance under Table A, the employer shall prohibit these operations. 1612.3

    -Unless the overhead high voltage power lines are de- energized and visibly grounded, the operation, erection, or handling of tools, machinery, apparatus, supplies, or materials, or any part thereof over the power lines is prohibited

    -While traveling under or near power lines with no load, employer must establish procedures and criteria, and follow the safety requirements of T8CCR 1612.4
    response:
  • Inspections and Repairs

    Requirements for inspections and repairs of cranes and derricks are given in T8CCR sections 1613.1 to 1613.12. Specific requirements include:

    -Prior to initial use, all equipment that has modifications or additions which affect the safe operation of the equipment or capacity shall be inspected by a certificating agency. The inspection shall meet the requirements of T8CCR 1613.1

    -Inspections of repaired/adjusted equipment are subject to the requirements in 1613.2

    -Post assembly inspections are subject to the requirements in 1613.3

    -The inspections conducted on each shift are subject to the requirements in 1613.4.

    -Periodic inspections shall be conducted at least four times a year. Cranes shall not be operated more than 750 hours between periodic inspections. The inspection shall include all items as per 1613.5

    -Annual/Comprehensive inspections need to be done as per 1613.6

    -Where there is a reasonable probability of damage or excessive wear, the employer shall stop using the equipment and a qualified person shall inspect the equipment for structural damage and the causing items/conditions

    -Equipment that has been idle for 3 months or more shall be inspected by a certificating agency or qualified person as per T8CCR 1613.5 before initial use

    -General inspections must comply with 1613.9

    -Inspections of wire ropes are subject to the requirements of 1613.10

    -Repairs to load sustaining members and other critical crane and derrick parts including booms must be performed as per the provisions of General Safety Order (GSO)
    response:
  • Selection and Installation of Wire Ropes

    Requirements for the selection and installation of wire ropes are given in 1614.

    Selection and installation of original and replacement wire rope shall be as per the wire rope manufacturer, the equipment manufacturer, or a qualified person.
    response:
  • Loading of Slings and Shackles

    Do not load slings and shackles beyond the rated capacities provided by the manufacturers. Do not use them without affixed and legible identification markings.

    Requirements for the safety devices and operational aids are given in sections 1651.1 and 1615.2 and include:

    -Safety devices such as crane level indicator, horn, jib stops, boom stops, etc. are required on all equipment unless otherwise specified

    -Operational aids such as boom hoist limiting device, boom angle, boom length indicator, load weighing device, etc. are required on all equipment unless otherwise specified (Note: Operational aids are classified into Category I and Category II)
    response:
  • Operation Requirements of Cranes and Derricks

    Requirements for the operation of cranes and derricks include:

    -The employer shall:
    a. Follow manufacturer procedures for operation of the equipment including the use of attachments. Where procedures for operation are unavailable, the employer shall comply with 1616.1. (Note: while operating equipment, devices such as cell phones shall not be used for any other activities (texting, talking, etc.) other than signaling).
    b. Ensure loads are rigged by a qualified person or by a trainee under the qualified person’s direct visual supervision.
    c. Where traveling with a load, the employer shall ensure that a competent person supervises the operation.
    d. Ensure operators do not suddenly accelerate or decelerate a moving load. 4999(f).
    e. Not allow the load, boom, or other parts of the equipment to contact any obstruction during lifting operations. 1616.1(o).

    -Whenever there is a concern as to safety, the operator shall have the authority to stop and refuse to handle loads until a qualified person has determined that safety has been assured

    -Employers must control work areas and protect employees in the hazardous areas. Requirements include:
    a. Communication among operators and signal persons shall be followed as per 1616.3 and 4993.1.
    b. Where any part of a crane or derrick is within the load radius of another crane or derrick, employers must establish a system to coordinate the operations.
    c. Prevent employees from entering the hazardous areas by providing employee training, setting up barriers, etc. as per 4993.1.
    Before an employee goes to a location in the hazard area that is out of view of the operator, the operator must be informed by the employee. 4993.1(a)(3)(A).

    -Operations shall be conducted and the job controlled in a manner that will avoid exposure of employees to the hazard of overhead loads. Wherever loads must be passed directly over workers, occupied work spaces, or occupied passageways, safety type hooks or equivalent means of preventing the loads from becoming disengaged shall be used. All requirements under 1616.4 shall also be met

    -Boom free fall is prohibited in each of the circumstances mentioned in 1616.5. Controlled load lowering is required and free fall of the load line hoist is prohibited in each of the circumstances mentioned in 1616.5(d)

    -The use of equipment to hoist employees is prohibited except where the employer demonstrates that the erection, use, and dismantling of conventional means of reaching the work area would be more hazardous, or is not possible because of the project’s structural design or worksite conditions.

    -Hoisting of personnel using cranes is possible only when all of the requirements of 1616.6 are met (Note: the requirements of 1616.6 are supplemental and apply when one or more employees are hoisted.)

    -Supplemental requirements for Multiple-Crane/Derrick Lifts are provided in 1616.7. Before beginning a crane/derrick operation in which multiple crane/derrick will be supporting the load, the operation shall be planned as per 1616.7(a) and directed by a qualified person
    response:
  • Use of Signals During Operation

    The general requirements for using signals during the operation of cranes and derricks are given in sections 1617.1 to 1617.3 and include:

    -A signal person shall be provided in each of the situations given under 1617.1. Only qualified persons shall be permitted to give signals except for a stop signal. Signals to operators shall be by hand, voice, or audible and as per 1617.1. (Note: go to the 'docs' tab in this isoBlog, the Cal/OSHA Pocket Guide page 32, Illustration 4 to see some of the recommended hand signals)

    -The devices for transmitting signals shall be tested on site before start of operations and the devices/signaling shall meet requirements in 1617.2

    -Follow the additional requirements in 1617.3 for voice signals. (Note: employees shall not text or talk unless it is for signaling purposes.)

    Note: for the complete list of recommended hand signals, see General Industry Safety Orders (GISOs) 5001, Plate I.
    response:
  • Operator Qualification, Training, Certification & Licensing

    The requirements for operator qualification, training and certification, and licensing are given in sections 1618.1 through 1618.4. They include:

    -Operator qualifications/certification/in-training must comply with 1618.1

    -Make sure that each signal person meets the qualification requirements in 1618.2 prior to giving any signals

    -Maintenance, inspection, and repair personnel are permitted to operate the equipment only when all of the requirements of 1618.3 are met

    -The employer shall provide training to all operators, signal persons, spotters, competent/qualified persons, and operators-in-training on their specific jobs as per 1618.4

    -Applicant must pass a physical examination, a substance abuse test, and written and practical tests in order to obtain an operator license
    response:
  • Supplemental Requirements

    T8 CCR sections 1619.1 through 1619.5 have supplemental requirements for certain types of cranes and derricks. Supplemental requirements include:

    -Section 1619.1 contains supplemental requirements for erecting, climbing, operating, dismantling, and all other operations and devices used in regard to tower cranes

    -The supplemental requirements for derricks, whether temporarily or permanently mounted, are given in 1619.2

    -Section 1619.3 contains supplemental requirements for floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges, pontoons, vessels or other means of flotation. See 1619.3 for complete requirements

    -Overhead and gantry cranes, whether permanently or temporarily installed, are subject to the requirements of 1619.4.

    -The supplemental requirements for dedicated pile drivers are given in 1619.5
    response:
  • Side-boom Cranes Mounted on Wheel or Crawler Tractors

    Side-boom cranes mounted on wheel or crawler tractors shall meet all of the requirements of 1694(d).
    response:
  • Crane Used to Get Divers In/Out of Water

    A crane/derrick, used to get divers in/out of water, shall not be used for any other purpose until all divers are back on board.
    response:
  • Sudden Acceleration or Deceleration

    There shall be no sudden acceleration or deceleration of the moving load.
    response:
  • Inadvertent Contact with Obstructions

    Inadvertent contact with obstructions shall be prevented. The load, boom, or other parts of the equipment shall not contact any obstruction in a way which could cause falling material or damage to the boom.
    response:
  • How much did this isoBlog help you to understand the Cal/OSHA safety regulations for Cranes, including:

    -Potential Hazards
    -Safe and Healthful Working Conditions
    -General Requirements
    -Assembly and Disassembly Operations
    -Power Line Safety
    -Inspections and Repairs
    -Selection and Installation of Wire Ropes
    -Loading of Slings and Shackles
    -Operation Requirements of Cranes and Derricks
    -Use of Signals During Operation
    -Operator Qualification, Training, Certification & Licensing
    -Supplemental Requirements
    -Side-boom Cranes Mounted on Wheel or Crawler Tractors
    -Crane Used to Get Divers In/Out of Water
    -Sudden Acceleration or Deceleration
    -Inadvertent Contact with Obstructions

    Select your response below.
    response:
save and continue
messages (0)
description
past results
(No Message)
© 2019 Furious Integrated Training Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.