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Start:Jul 04, 2020

Duration:5 Minute(s)

Goal: this Cognitive Trail will increase the ability to apply Cal/OSHA safety standards for the construction industry.

Description: This Navitent will increase the successfulness of applying OSHA's safety standards. This information was taken from Cal/OSHA Pocket Guide f ... Read More

Summary: Safety Made Simple

Step 1

The next Steps cover Cal/OSHA safety regulations for Forklifts. Where appropriate, we have referenced the code from Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations.

The topics we will cover in this Navitent are:

-Pulling Away From The Loading Dock
-Lifting Capacity
-Elevating Employees
-Parking Brakes
-Operable Horn
-Overhead Protection
-Operator Restraint System
-Seat Belt Assemblies
-Posting of Operating Rules
-Preventing Tipping and Falling

After each of the next Steps, select the 'successful' response to indicate that you have read and understand the Step.

Select 'successful' now and proceed.

Step 2


Industrial trucks such as forklifts shall be designed, constructed, and maintained in accordance with the applicable standards.

Step 3

Pulling Away From The Loading Dock

The employer shall establish and enforce a system to prevent trucks, trailers, or railcars from pulling away from the loading dock before the loading or unloading operation is completed. Trucks, trailers, and railcars boarded by forklifts during loading dock operations shall be secured against unintended movement.

Step 4

Lifting Capacity

The rated lifting capacity of the forklift must be posted in a location readily visible to the operator.

Step 5

Elevating Employees

Elevating employees requires the following:

-The forklift must be equipped with a platform not less than 24" x 24" inches in size
a. The platform must be properly secured to the forks or the base of the fork carriage.
b. The platform must be equipped with guardrails, toeboards, and a back guard.
c. It must have no spaces or holes larger than 1 inch.
d. It must have a slip-resistant platform surface.

-The operator must be at the controls while the employees are elevated

-The operator must follow the operating rules as per 3657(j) for elevating employees

-Employees shall not sit, climb, or stand on platform guardrails or use planks, ladders, or other devices to gain elevation. 3657(i)
Note: when guardrails are not possible due to clearance limits/nature of the work, personal fall protection is required.

-Where boom type forklifts are used to elevate employees, personal fall restraint or positioning devices must be used in addition to the above requirements

Step 6

Parking Brakes

All forklifts must have parking brakes.

Step 7

Operable Horn

All forklifts must have an operable horn.

Step 8

Overhead Protection

When the operator is exposed to the possibility of falling objects, the forklift must be equipped with overhead protection (canopy).

Step 9

Operator Restraint System

When provided by the industrial truck manufacturer, an operator restraint system such as a seat belt shall be used.

Step 10

Seat Belt Assemblies

Seat belt assemblies shall be provided and used on all equipment where rollover protection is installed.

Step 11

Posting of Operating Rules

The employer must post and enforce a set of operating rules that include the following:

-Only trained and authorized drivers may operate forklifts

-Stunt driving and horseplay are prohibited

-Employees must not ride on the forks

-Employees must never be permitted under the forks (unless forks are blocked)

-The driver must inspect the vehicle once during a shift

-The operator must look in the direction of travel and must not move the vehicle until all persons are clear of the vehicle

-Forks must be carried as low as possible

-The operator must lower the forks, shut off the engine, and set the brakes (or block the wheels) before leaving the forklift unattended (that is, when the operator is out of sight of the vehicle or 25 feet away from it)

-Trucks must be blocked and brakes must be set before a forklift is driven onto the truck bed

-Extreme care must be taken when tilting elevated loads

-The forklift must have operable brakes capable of safely stopping it when fully loaded

Step 12


An employee must be properly trained (as certified by the employer) before operating a forklift.

-An evaluation of the operator’s performance must be conducted at least once every three years

-Refresher training in relevant topics must be provided to the operator when:
a. The operator is observed operating the vehicle in an unsafe manner.
b. The operator has been involved in an accident or near-miss incident.
c. The operator’s evaluation reveals that he or she is not operating the truck safely.
d. The operator is assigned to drive a different type of truck.
e. Changes in workplace conditions could affect safe operation of the truck.

Step 13


The use, care, and maintenance of slings used in lifting suspended loads must meet the requirements of Article 101 of the General Safety Order (GSO).

Step 14

Preventing Tipping and Falling

Loads must be so balanced, braced, or secured as to prevent tipping and falling. Only stable or safely arranged loads shall be handled.

Step 15

How much did this Navitent help you to understand the Cal/OSHA safety regulations for Forklifts, including:

-Pulling Away From The Loading Dock
-Lifting Capacity
-Elevating Employees
-Parking Brakes
-Operable Horn
-Overhead Protection
-Operator Restraint System
-Seat Belt Assemblies
-Posting of Operating Rules
-Preventing Tipping and Falling

Select your response below.

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