Requirements For Portable Ladders
-Inspection and maintenance requirements are below:
a. Ladders shall be inspected frequently by a Qualified Person for visible defects and after any occurrence that could affect their safe use.
b. Ladders shall be maintained in good condition at all times.
c. Metal ladders shall not be exposed to acid or alkali materials that are capable of corroding the ladder and reducing the ladder’s strength, unless recommended otherwise.
d. Remove ladders that have developed defects such as broken or missing steps, rungs, cleats, safety feet, side rails, or other defects from service, and tag or mark them “Dangerous, Do Not Use”.
e. All ladders shall be free of oil, grease, or slippery materials. Wood ladders shall not be painted with other than a transparent material.
-Prohibited uses of portable ladders are given below:
a. Ladders shall not be used as a brace, skid, guy, or gin pole, gang-way, or for uses they were not intended, unless recommended by the manufacturer.
b. Do not place planks on the top cap.
c. Step ladders shall not be used as single ladders or in the partially closed position.
-To safely use portable ladders employees must also follow the requirements noted below:
a. All portable ladders used for window washing shall be equipped with nonslip devices. Middle and top sections shall not be used as bottom sections unless equipped with nonslip bases.
b. Portable ladders shall not be overloaded when used.
c. The base of ladders shall be placed on a secure and level footing. Ladders shall not be placed on unstable bases.
d. Ladders shall not be used on ice, snow, or slippery surfaces unless slippage is prevented.
e. The top of a non self-supporting ladder shall be placed with two rails supported equally, unless a single support attachment is provided and used.
f. Non self-supporting ladders shall, where possible, be used so that the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is one-quarter of the working length of the ladder.
g. The ladder shall be so placed as to prevent slipping, or it shall be tied, blocked, held, or otherwise secured to prevent slipping.
h. Ladders shall not be used in a horizontal position as platforms, runways, or scaffolds unless designed for such use.
i. When two or more separate ladders are used to reach an elevated work area, the ladders shall be offset with a platform or landing between the ladders (see exceptions).
j. Extend ladder side rails to at least 3 feet above the landing unless handholds are provided.
k. Do not tie ladders together to provide longer sections unless the ladders are designed for such use and equipped with the necessary hardware fittings.
l. Extension ladders shall be erected so that the top section is above and resting on the bottom section with the rung locks engaged.
m. Do not place ladders in passageways, doorways, driveways, or any location where they may be displaced unless protected by barricades or guards.
n. Climb or work with the body near the middle of the step or rung and do not overreach from this position. To avoid overreaching, the employee shall descend and reposition the ladder.
o. Employees shall be prohibited from carrying equipment or materials which prevent the safe use of ladders.
p. Face the ladder while climbing and descending, and maintain contact with the ladder at three-points at all times.
q. Do not stand and work on the top three rungs of a single or extension ladders.
r. Employees shall not sit, kneel, step or stand on the pail shelf, topcap, or the step below the topcap of a stepladder. Exception: employees may stand on the step below the topcap provided it is located 18 inches under the topcap.
s. Do not use the X-bracing on the rear section of a stepladder for climbing unless the ladder is so designed and provided with steps for climbing on both front and rear sections.
t. Ladders shall not be moved or extended while occupied, unless designed and recommended by the manufacturer.
u. Portable rung ladders with reinforced rails shall be used only with the metal reinforcement on the underside.
v. Non-conductive ladders shall be used in locations where the ladder or user may contact unprotected energized electrical conductors or equipment. Conductive ladders shall be legibly marked with signs reading “CAUTION -- DO NOT USE AROUND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT” or equivalent.
w. The area around the top and bottom of a ladder shall be kept clear.