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Heavy Construction Equipment

Start:Aug 04, 2020

Duration:5 Minute(s)

Goal: this Cognitive Trail will increase the ability to apply Cal/OSHA safety standards for the construction industry.

Description: This Navitent will increase the successfulness of applying OSHA's safety standards. This information was taken from Cal/OSHA Pocket Guide f ... Read More

Summary: Safety Made Simple

Step 1

The next Steps cover Cal/OSHA safety requirements for Heavy Construction Equipment. Where appropriate, we have referenced the code from Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations.

The topics we will cover in this Navitent are:

-Protection From Movement During Repairs
-Repair Requirements for Lock-out/ Block-out
-Traffic Controls
-Flaggers
-Equipment Requirements
-Checking for Proper Operation
-Rollover Protection Structures and Seat Belts
-Haulage and Earth-Moving Equipment
-Industrial Trucks and Tractors

After each of the next Steps, select the 'successful' response to indicate that you have read and understand the Step.

Select 'successful' now and proceed.

Step 2

Protection From Movement During Repairs

General repairs must not be made to powered equipment until workers are protected from movement of the equipment or its parts. 1595(a)

Step 3

Requirements for Lock-Out/ Block-Out

Before repairs are made workers must comply with lock-out/ block-out requirements if applicable. 3314

Step 4

Traffic Controls

Wherever mobile equipment operation encroaches on a public thoroughfare, a system of traffic controls must be used. 1598(a)

Step 5

Flaggers

-Flaggers are required at all locations where barricades and warning signs cannot control the moving traffic 1599(a). (See exceptions in the “California Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways, January 13, 2012” (the Manual), published by CalTrans.)

-Flaggers shall wear high visibility safety apparel and headwear manufactured in accordance to American National Standards Institute/International Safety Equipment Association (ANSI/ISEA) standards 1599(d). Also, all employees (on foot) such as grade-checkers, surveyors, and others exposed to the hazard of vehicular traffic, shall wear high visibility safety apparel in accordance with the requirements of 1598 and 1599, 1590

Step 6

Equipment Requirements

Job-site vehicles must be equipped with the following:

-Operable service, emergency, and parking brakes

-Two operable headlights and taillights for night operation

-Windshield wipers and defogging equipment as required

-Seat belts if the vehicle has rollover protection structures

-Fenders or mud flaps

-Adequate seating if the vehicles are used to transport employees

-If an exhaust retrofit is installed on a vehicle, it shall be installed and maintained as per 1591(m)

Step 7

Checking for Proper Operation

Vehicles and systems must be checked for proper operation at the start of each shift. 1597(j)

Step 8

Rollover Protection Structures and Seat Belts

Rollover protection structures and seat belts must be installed for:

-The following equipment having a brake horsepower rating above 20:
a. Bulldozer.
b. Front-end loader c.
c. Motor grader.
d. Scraper.
e. Tractor (except side boom pipe laying).
f. Water wagon prime mover.

-The following equipment:
a. Rollers and compactors (weighing more than 5,950 lbs.).
b. Sheeps foot-type rollers and compactors.
c. Crawler tractor.

Step 9

Haulage and Earth-Moving Equipment

Haulage and earth-moving equipment safety requirements are as follows:

-Every vehicle having a body capacity of 2.5 cu. yds. or more must be equipped with an automatic backup alarm that sounds immediately on backing

-All other vehicles operating when rear vision is blocked must be equipped with an automatic backup alarm or its equivalent

-All vehicles must be equipped with a manually operated warning device

-Haulage vehicles in operation must be under operator control and must be kept in gear when descending grades

-The brakes on a haulage vehicle must meet the criteria specified by the Construction Safety Orders (CSOs)

-The control devices on a haulage vehicle must be inspected at the beginning of each shift

-Exposed scissor points on front-end loaders must be guarded

-Engines must be stopped during refueling

-Lights are required for night operation

-Vehicles loaded by cranes, shovels, loaders, and similar devices must have an adequate cab or canopy for operator protection

-Dust control is required when dust seriously limits visibility

-In dusty operations, equipment operators shall use adequate respiratory protection

-Loads on vehicles must be secured from displacement

-If an exhaust retrofit is installed, install and maintain as per 1591(m)

Step 10

Industrial Trucks and Tractors

Safety requirements for industrial trucks and tractors include:

-Posting and enforcing by employers using industrial trucks or industrial tow tractors a set of operating rules including the appropriate rules listed in General Industry Safety Orders (GISO) 3650(t), 3664(a)

-Providing operating instructions at the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter

-Using the locking device where the dump body of a truck is raised for work

-Performing repair work only when there is no possibility of sudden movements or operation of the equipment or its parts. Keeping all controls in a neutral position, with the engine(s) stopped and brakes set, unless work being performed requires otherwise

Step 11

How much did this Navitent help you to understand the Cal/OSHA safety requirements for Heavy Construction Equipment, including:

-Protection From Movement During Repairs
-Repair Requirements for Lock-out/ Block-out
-Traffic Controls
-Flaggers
-Equipment Requirements
-Checking for Proper Operation
-Rollover Protection Structures and Seat Belts
-Haulage and Earth-Moving Equipment
-Industrial Trucks and Tractors

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